Tatra Mountains

Tatra Mountains forms the highest and most beautiful section of the Carpathian mountain range. The main Tatra ridge runs from west to east, about 51 kilometers as the crow flies. In width, this whole chain is barely 18 km. It occupies an area of about 800 sq. km. In regards to type of landscape and type of rock, Tatras may be divided into three parts: the Western Tatras, the High Tatras and the Bielskie Tatras. Bielskie Tatras and a part of Western Tatras are built of limestone. The highest part, the High Tatras, with the highest peak of all Tatras The Gerlach (2654,4 m) are built of crystal rocks like granite. The Tatras are divided between two countries: Poland and Slovakia. Four fifth of the entire Tatras area with highest peaks lies in Slovakia, but most interesting caves are situated in Poland in limestone of Western Tatras. The highest limestone peak in Western Tatras is Krzesanica (2122,3 m). With other three: Kopa Kondracka (2004,6 m), Malolaczniak (2095,6 m) and Ciemniak (2096,3 m) creates the massif called Czerwone Wierchy (Red Peaks). Under this massif are located several major cave systems. The water from this caves flows out by the Lodowe Zrodlo (Icy Spring) situated in the Koscieliska Valley on the altitude of 973,5 m. This is the deepest and largest hydrological system in Poland which is limiting the biggest depth of possible cave depth into about 1100 m. Western Tatras are with no doubt the main region of caving activity in Poland. There are more than 650 caves known in Western Tatras with total length more than 100 km. All deepest and longest caves of Poland are situated in Tatras.
Most of area of Tatras is protected in form of national parks: Tatrzanski Park Narodowy in Poland (emblem of park on the left) and Tarzanski Narodni Park in Slovakia. All decribed caves lies in the teritory of TPN and can't be visited without permission of TPN. Excepitons are Mylna, Mrozna and four small objects: Raptawicka, Oblazkowa, Smocza Jama and Dziura; which are touristic caves.

Longest Tatras caves Deepest Tatras caves
  1. Wielka Sniezna le. ca. 18000 m.
  2. Za Siedmiu Progami le. 11660 m.
  3. Mietusia le. 10450 m.
  4. Bandzioch Kominiarski le. 9550 m.
  5. Sniezna Studnia le. ca 6600 m.
  6. Czarna le. 6500 m.
  7. Ptasia Studnia le. ca 5900 m.
  8. Zimna le. 4250 m.
  9. Kozia le. 3520 m.
  10. Kasprowa Niznia le. ca 2925 m.
  11. Szczelina Chocholowska le. 2320 m.
  12. Mylna le. 1300 m.
  13. Naciekowa le. 1261 m.
  14. Bystra le. 1200 m.
  15. Magurska le. 1200 m. de. 59 m. (-43+16)
  16. Psia le. 917 m. de. 62 m. (-57+5)
  17. Mietusia Wyznia le. 810 m.
  18. Marmurowa le. 681 m.
  19. Studnia w Kazalnicy le. 700 m.
  20. Mrozna le. 511 m.
  1. Wielka Sniezna de. 814 m. (-807+7)
  2. Sniezna Studnia de. 763 m. (-726+37)
  3. Bandzioch Kominiarski de. 562 m. (-564+16)
  4. Za Siedmiu Progami de. 435 m. (-288+147)
  5. Kozia de. 389 m. (-376+13)
  6. Ptasia Studnia de. 383 m. (-356+27)
  7. Czarna de. 303,5 m. (-241.5+62)
  8. Mietusia de. 280 m. (-258+22)
  9. Studnia w Kazalnicy le. 700 de. 235 m. (-199+33)
  10. Zimna de. 176 m. (-76+100)
  11. Malolacka le. 258 dp. 166 m.
  12. Pod Wanta (Litworowy Dzwon) le. 400 de. 165 m. (-151+14)
  13. Marmurowa de. 151 m. (-126+25)
  14. Mietusia Wyznia de. 142 m. (-108+34)
included caves longer than 500 m. and deeper than 100 m.
le. - length dp. - depth de. - denivelation


Tatras National Park | Official announcements and the WEATHER FORECAST (in polish).
Actual view of Tatras from Zakopane. | Tatras (pictures etc.)

EPIMENIDES CAVE PAGE: http://panda.bg.univ.gda.pl/~dbart