The exploration of the Kanin massif carried out by STJ KW Kraków (Caving
Section of Mountaineering Club in Cracow) started in 1998 during their
first expedition lead by Michał Gra-dziński. The aim of the expedition
was to find a new region for the prospective exploration. As a result,
Kanin Research Committee (KORK) assigned a region for future activity
to STJ KW. The region is situated in the southern part of Kanin, among
the mounts of Velika Glina Glava (2,114 m), Konic (2,289 m), and Mali
Skedenj (2,112 m).
The first expedition to the Kanin massif took place in 1999. It was organized
by the Sekcja Taternictwa Jaskiniowego KW-Kraków. The exploration team
consisted of the members of STJ KW: Mariusz Czarnul, Andrzej Góralczyk,
Ryszard Grzywa, Krzysztof Kozak, Dominika Rupp, and Maciej Tomaszek, the
leader. The other members of the team were: Mariusz Miedziński, Marcin
Zamorski - Częstochowa Caving Club, Radosław Paternoga - Sopot Caving
Club, Małgorzata Barcz - Warsaw Caving Club, and Bartłomiej Sobieszczański
- Wrocław Caving Section.
It was a reconnaissance expedition, aimed to get detailed information
concerning the new area and to locate the known caves, which had been
explored in the 60's by the Lubliana DZRJ and Pazin DS "Istra"
clubs. The process of locating the known objects was not an easy task.
There were no marks by the entrances and information provided by maps
was not exact enough. There are a few dozen known caves in the region
altogether. Because the previous system of numbering cave entrances did
not survive, we introduced the new one, which would help us locate the
entrances in the future. We managed to find and explore the caves Primoľevo
Brezno (F23) -195 m, ¦nieżnice (E1) -111 m and a dozen or so smaller objects.
The exploration of the surface was conducted at the same time, which resulted
in locating about 40 new caves.
The following caves
are worth mentioning:
in the region of Bielo Celjo: BC-8 ca. -130 m, BC-3 -30 m, BC-4
BC-7 -30 m, BC-9 -40 m, BC-10 -55 m;
in the region of Mali Skedenj: MS-3 -25 m, MS-4 -50 m;
in the region of Krliąče: KR-1 -43 m, KR-2 -60 m.
The exploration was also conducted in the previously known cave Primoľevo
Brezno. The cave had been explored in 1966 with the help of ladders and
due to information we received it had not been explored completely. After
locating the cave and reaching the known bottom we managed to explore
only a few meter-long meander. Generally, all explored caves were vertical
pitches or systems of pitches. The bottoms of such pitches were usually
blocked with snow plugs or sporadically with rubble. The most interesting
object of our exploration was the deepest explored cave - BC-1 (ca. -120
In the course of the expedition the weather conditions were not favourable
for sport activities. Numerous storms and lingering fog hampered the surface
exploration. During a storm with hurricane wing, torrential rain, hail
and lightning most of our tents were destroyed, our equipment partially
lost. Moreover, heavy rain destroyed the large part of the documentation
made up during the expedition.
Close to the entrence of Grotta
Dobra Picka, ph.: D. Perhinek
The second expedition took place in the year 2000. That time the team
was not so numerous and consisted of Mariusz Czarnul, Andrzej Góralczyk
, Mirosław Pindel, Maciej Tomaszek, Tomasz Tomaszek, Marcin Żurek, and,
additionally, Rafał Drzewiecki and Paweł Jurkiewicz from Student Caving
Club. The main aim of the expedition was further surface exploration and
the cave BC-1. Unfortunately, during this expedition we did not manage
to go through a long narrowing in the cave and the exploration came to
Thanks to Joľe Pirnat the team was given the current documentation of
the target region, and due to this fact the surface exploration conducted
by our expedition was a success. The two new objects (KR 3, - 96 m, and
KR 4, - 171 m) discovered at the end of the expedition were not explored
completely, so there still remains much to do for the next expedition.
Those caves, especially KR-4, were systems of very spacious pitches separated
by narrow meanders, that made the exploration difficult and time-consuming.
The area of our last expedition was very interesting and seemed to be
promising. That is why we are planning the next expedition for the season
2001 in order to solve the problems left in BC-1, KR-3 and KR-4 definitely
and maybe find the new ones.