obstructions which prevented its realisation. Our friends, cavers from
Trieste, gave us their helpful hand. It was thanks to their invitation
and encouragement that we initiated the still going series of regular
expeditions, whose goal is the Italian side of the Canin.
We began with the winter entry to Abisso Giovanni Mornig through the E10
(1977 m a.s.l.) entrance. The results of our efforts are briefly outlined
First expedition - winter 1995:
Discovery of: Section Sosnowe series and the upper part of the high
Connection in Meander Wiatru of the caves Abisso Giovanni Mornig and
Length of surveys: 515 m.
Second expedition - summer 1995:
Discovery of: Sala Ryszarda in the upper part of Meander Wiatru. A chimney
200 m high leads to the surface. Behind the hall the meander continues.
Connection of caves Abisso Mornici (entrances WZ 8 and WZ 8 bis) and
Abisso Emilio Comici with Abisso Giovanni Mornig (cave system Complesso
del Foran del Muss is established).
Length of survey: 681 m.
Third expedition - winter 1996:
Discovery of access to Ramo degli Inglesi - the most remote and then
deepest part of the system.
Fourth expedition - summer 1996:
Discovery near the connection Mornig - Comici: Sala senza Suffitto (an
important place in the system) and a series extending (as appeared later)
towards Grotta Dobra Picka. (Sala senza Suffitto becomes the place of
connection by Italian cavers of Grotta Dobra Picka to Complesso).
Length of survey: 304 m.
Fifth expedition - winter 1997:
A difficult (the first so advanced after 19 years since discovery) attempt
at exploration and surveying of Ramo degli Inglesi - a meander leading
to the bottom of the system.
Length of survey in Ramo degli Inglesi: 470 m.
The system attains -670 m and the Italian record. in the number of entrances
Sixth expedition - summer 1997:
Discovery of the cave Grotta Kropka Piêæ (1836 m a.s.l.) to the NW of
Exploration of Grotta Kropka Piêæ to the depth of 186 m.
Length of survey: 880 m.
Seventh expedition - winter 1998:
Deepening of Grotta Kropka Piêæ to -295 m.
Connection of Grotta Kropka Piêæ with the system (in Sala senza Suffitto)
Connection to the system (in three places in Grotta Kropka Piêæ) of
the caves: Abisso P2 and Abisso Carlo Seppenhofer.
Deepening of the system to 804 m (the new bottom: Sifone Seppenhofer).
The number of entrances to the system amounts to twenty.
Length of survey: 492 m.
Eighth expedition - summer 1998:
Discovery in Grotta Kropka Piêæ of a large meander Fiume del Viento
and the fourth connection with Abisso P2.
Length of survey: 649 m.
Federazione Speleologica Regionale del Friuli - Venezia Julia honours
our achievements in exploration of the Canin by bestowing on us the prestigious
award: Premio San Benedetto Abate.
Ninth expedition - summer 1999:
The second in this cycle of expeditions advanced attempt at exploration
of Ramo degli Inglesi.
Wide place in a meander, ph.:
Discovery of caves Picia Jama 1 (1705 m a.s.l.), Picia Jama 2
situated NW of Complesso and their connection with the system through
Grotta Kropka Piêæ. The number of entrances to Complesso rises to... 24.
Discovery of the cave Lodowa (1905 m a.s.l.) towards the W and
its connection with Abisso Procopio, which lies close to the system.
Discovery of the cave Loch Kozicy (1660 m a.s.l.) towards the N.
Exploration to the depth of 110 m.
Length of survey in the system: 252 m.
Length of survey in Loch Kozicy: 368 m.
Length of surface survey between entrances: 1146m.
Tenth expedition - winter 2000:
Discovery of the series Ramo del Szef near the bottom of Abisso
Carlo Seppenhofer, leading to Sifone Piccolo situated between Sifone Rafex
and Sifone Burzowy 35 m below Sifone Seppenhofer.
Protection of the Italian team which near the bottom of Grotta
Dobra Picka deepens the system to ca 1 100 m.
Length of survey: 124 m.
Eleventh expedition - summer 2000:
Discovery of extensive galleries and of Sifone del Szef in Ramo
Preliminary conquest of the tight meander at the bottom of the
cave Loch Kozicy.
Discovery of a squeeze with strong draft on the surface above the
centre of the system (Grotta MDM).
Length of survey in the system: 657 m.
Length of survey in the cave Loch Kozicy: 34 m.
Length of surface survey between entrances: 893m.
Twelfth expedition - winter 2001:
Discovery of Zone of Silence at the junction of Abisso P2 and Abisso
Carlo Seppenhofer. It is a series of northwards going vast galleries.
In Thundering Pitch they receive an unknown, large stream. A very promising
direction. The system clearly approached close to the cave Rotule Spezzate
neighbouring on the north (!).
Length of survey: 375 m.
The results of the twelve expeditions may be briefly summarised as follows:
Length of survey in the discovered series in the system: 4929 m.
Length of survey in the discovered series beyond the system: 402 m.
Length of survey of known, but earlier not surveyed series in the system:
Length of surface survey between entrances: 2039 m.
The discovery and exploration of the cave system Complesso del Foran del
Muss is the result of the enormous effort, love of mountains and great
passion to explore of the numerous international group of cavers, in which
we had the honour to occupy an important place. The last word has not
been said yet. We are approaching the moment of penetrating from Complesso
to the neighbouring systems. When and to what degree it will be done -
time will show.