|Klub Speleogiczny "Aven"
The special issue of "Jaskinie" published in English in 1997,
included an article in which the present author with Waldemar Kasprzyk
and Waldemar Mucha described the history
of five expeditions that made the two-and-half-year
underground adventure with Canin, the adventure that gave birth to the
Complesso del Foran del Muss cave system. Now I would like to present
in concise form the most
important information and
a chronological summary
of our activity in the area.
Monte Canin: A peak in the Julian Alps (2 587 m a.s.l.) at the
boundary between Italy and Slovenia, 20 km south-west of the Austrian-Italian
border crossing at Tavrisio.
Canin: An extensive mountain massif, named after its highest peak. It
includes several distinctive crests and peaks on both sides of the border.
The main building material, responsible for the karstic nature of the
area, is the limestone rock. The numerous caves hidden in its interior,
because of the still little progress in their exploration, are a true
challenge and a paradise for underground explorers.
Complesso del Foran del Muss: A cave system situated ca. 3 km NW
of the summit of the Monte Canin above the Raccolana valley. The history
of the Polish participation in its exploration during the period 1995-2001
is the subject of this paper. The names of the greatest caves situated
nearby are Complesso del Col delle Erbe, Complesso Vianello-Bus d’Ajar,
Rotule Spezzate, Abisso Procopio. One of the main goals of speleological
activity in the area is finding links between them. The four caves mentioned
are only the leaders in the long list of the known objects in the vicinity.
AVEN: A type of cave. Also the name of my caving club (AVEN Sosnowiec),
under the aegis of which we have been conducting for several years systematic
exploration on the Italian side of the Canin massif. Our expeditions usually
set out towards the Julian Alps twice a year and concentrate their efforts
on the unravelling the enigmas of the course of underground galleries
of the Complesso del Foran del Muss cave system and of the adjacent caves.
As is the case with other Polish activities elsewhere in the world, these
are inter-club operations. I am writing about a large exploration task,
extended over many years, whose results are strongly influenced by the
strength of teamwork. This is why I am glad to name the clubs whose members
have eminently contributed to the activity. These clubs are: Klub Speleologiczny
"Aven", Speleoklub D±browa Górnicza, Katowicki Klub Speleogiczny,
Akademicki Klub Gotołazów Kraków, Krakowski Klub Taternictwa Jaskiniowego,
Speleoklub "Bobry" Żagań.
Trieste: A town, the home of the Italian caving clubs that carry
on the intensive exploration in the Canin. It is owing to the cavers from
Club Alpinistico Triestino and Gruppo Triestino Speleologi that we began
our activity in this area. The impressive achievements of the Italian
colleagues, their exceptional hospitality and the incessant effective
co-operation with us deserve the great appreciation and gratitude which
am addressing to them.
Close to the entrence of Grotta
Dobra Picka, ph.: D. Perhinek
Data on Complesso
del Foran del Muss
after the winter 2001 expedition
Length: 19 600 m; Depth: 1 110 m; Highest point:
entrance Q.RDI (Abisso dei Curdi). 2 012 m a.s.l.; Lowest point:
bottom of cave Dobra Picka.; Resurgence: Il Fontanone (in the Raccolana
valley). 861 m a.s.l.; Largest of the linked caves in the system:
Abisso Giovanni Mornig, Abisso Emilio Comici, Grotta Dobra Picka, Grotta
Kropka Pięć, Abisso Carlo Seppenhofer.; Number of entrances: 24.
Chronology of Polish activity in the area
The possibility of discovering the Complesso del Foran del Muss system
is hypothesis set forth by Italian cavers. Nobody has any idea of the
existence of such objects as Kropka Pięć, Dobra Picka and many others.
Other large caves, known already for many years, are not interconnected.
Among important events is recorded our club's participation (1984) in
descending and surveying to the bottom (Sifone Seppenhofer, -690 m) of
the Abisso Carlo Seppenhofer cave. Having planned an expedition to the
Slovenian side of the Canin we encountered