Cave G7, photo: Zbigniew Grzela
The systematic exploration of this massif has already continued for three
decades. The authorities of the Picos de Europa National Park, acting
through the Federación Asturiana de Espeleología, have allotted Poles,
coming to this area since 1978, an extensive area in the Asturian part
of the massif. The boundary of this area is a line 10.1 km long, running
through the Torre de la Canal Parda - Torre los Traviesos - Tiro la Llera
- Torre de los Cabrones - Punta Gregoriana - Pica de la Jorcada - Pico
Conjuarto - Porru Curenes - Sierra Robecas - Contolimpou - Porra la Altiquera
- Camino de los Barrastrosas - Pico de los Asturianos. The area includes
northern slopes of the Torre Santa María and Torre de los Traviesos, and
measures 4.5 km2. The highest point in the area is the summit of the Torre
de los Traviesos with altitude of 2,385 m, and the lowest is the bottom
of the cirque Joos de Reseco at ca. 1450 m of altitude.
It happened that a systematic exploration was done by another club in
each decade. The history of exploration since the early 70ties till 1996
was published in the special issue of Jaskinie, published for the 12th
International Speleological Congress. Let us recall:
The 70ties was the time when French cavers from Speleo Club Orsay de Faculte
(SCOF) performed systematic work in 1972-1976. The deepest caves explored
during this period include:
Sima de la Torre de los Traviesos o de los Organos (A-1), -416 m;
Red de los Barrastrosas (G-7/G-4), -315 m;
Sima de los Desvios (F-3), - 280 m.
The members of SCOF have discovered about 50 caves. At the same time they
started exploring in another massif, the Ozania, which they deemed more
promising. As a result, their activity in this area was abandoned.
The first Polish reconnaissance trip was in 1978, but only a year later
members of Speleoklub Gliwice (SG) began a planned exploration, continued
till 1989. The main achievements at that time were:
Pozu del Porru de la Capilla (A-11), -863 m;
G-13, -429 m, explored by Poles from Sekcja Grotołazów Klubu Wysokogórskiego
Sima de los Desvios (F-3), deepened to -323 m;
Pozu del Pico de los Asturianos (A-30), -265 m;
SCP 134, -240 m, explored by Spaniards from Speleo Club de la Universidad
Politecnica de Valencia (SCP) jointly with Polish cavers from Katowicki
Klub Speleologiczny (KKS);
Sima Profunda (Prof.), -204 m.
A new club appears with the new decade. Speleoclub Wrocław (SCW) has been
exploring since 1991. The following discoveries have been done in 1996:
photo: Zbigniew Grzela
Sistema del Jou de la Canal Parda (A-30/A-25/A-24/A-1), -903 m; the
result of communications between two large caves: Sima de la Torre de
los Traviesos o de los Organos (A-1) and Pozu del Pico de los Asturianos
(A-30) and of deepening the whole system;
Sistema del Canalon de los Desvios (F-18/F-17/F-15), -501 m.
Water was dyed at the bottom of Sistema del Jou de la Canal Parda, but
the tracer has been not found in the Rio Redemuna, where it was expected.
After finishing exploration in Sistema del Jou de la Canal Parda, intense
prospecting began for a new big exploration target.
Zone G was selected for prospecting in 1997. The main goal of the expedition
was exploration of the deepest cave in the zone - G-13. Its entrance at
altitude 2074 m was found by an expedition of Speleoklub Gliwice in 1988.
Exploration was begun a year later by an expedition of Sekcja Grotołazów
Klubu Wysokogórskiego Wrocław. The expedition terminated unexpectedly
because of an accident at the depth of 429 m. The unfinished exploration
left some expectations for continuation. However, no possibility of continuation
was found at the bottom. Two side series were found and negatively explored:
from ca -270 m to ca -350 m and from ca -170 m to